Jawbone deterioration is the loss of bone in the jaw. Bone loss can occur in the upper (maxilla) and lower (mandibular) jawbone for a number of reasons. A healthy jawbone is important in order to support your existing teeth properly and can be compromised by various conditions such as:
- Trauma – Events which cause a tooth to be knocked out cause bone stimulation to cease. The lack of bone stimulation will result in jawbone deterioration in that particular area.
- Extractions – As soon as an adult tooth is removed, your jawbone will begin deteriorating immediately, unless you have the tooth replaced with an implant or bone graft.
- Dentures – Unanchored dentures are designed to sit on top of the gum tissue. This type of dentures does not stimulate the jawbone. Additionally the underlying bone structure slowly resorbs because the real teeth are missing.
- Bridgework – A popular treatment for replacing missing teeth, bridgework can also cause jawbone deterioration in the space between the anchoring teeth of the bridge.
- Gross malalignment or malocclusion – Malocclusion is the imperfect positioning or alignment of the teeth and jaws. Severe alignment problems can be caused by growth and development, trauma or injury and untreated tooth loss. Gross malalignment or malocclusion can create a situation where certain teeth do not have an opposing tooth. The unopposed tooth can “super-erupt” and cause bone deterioration. A common example of super-eruption is when a single wisdom or molar tooth is removed in the lower jaw, leaving the opposing tooth in the upper jaw intact. Extraction of the lower molar slowly causes the downward movement of the upper tooth, known as super-eruption. This can further cause jawbone deterioration.
- Bite abnormalities – Occlusion or “bite” refers to the way teeth fit together. Long standing bite abnormalities can cause abnormal physical forces which disrupt the balance of the occlusal relationship of the upper and lower teeth and jaws. As a result, bone deterioration can occur with certain teeth.
- Periodontal disease – Also known as gum disease, it can range from simple gingivitis or gum tissue inflammation to more pervasive gum disease that can cause major damage to the soft tissue and bone that support the teeth. Periodontal disease can result in tooth loss as well as jaw bone loss.
Bone Grafts Reverse Dental Bone Loss
One of the most effective procedures for reversing dental bone loss is bone grafting, a surgical procedure that replaces missing bone. The bone graft may be taken from your own bone or from other natural or synthetic sources. Bone grafting is often used to build up the jawbone to provide a solid foundation for dental implants. Whatever your reason is for needing a bone graft, the experienced oral and maxillofacial surgeons at Face and Jaw Surgery Center are completely prepared to take care of your needs.
Schedule a no-obligation consultation about bone grafting with the surgeons at Face and Jaw Surgery Center at one of our four, convenient North Dakota locations. Our surgeons have performed many bone grafting and dental implant procedures. They can evaluate your needs and recommend the most effective treatment plan to meet your goals.
Face and Jaw Surgery Center serves all of North Dakota and North West Minnesota including Moorhead, MN and East Grand Forks, MN.